Australian cuisine

Australian cuisine

Australian cuisine is a continuation of European, primarily British, culinary traditions, taking into account local specifics.

Thus, an integral part of the local cuisine is seafood of all kinds (fish, crabs, oysters, and so on).

Popular Australian dishes include:
Australian cuisine
Tim-Tam the sandwich of the two rolls filled with liquid chocolate inside;

Lamington is a sponge cake covered with chocolate and coconut shavings;

Cake with whipped cream and fruit;

Damper – bread baked in the embers;

Chiko roll and egg roll or pancake stuffed with removed from the bones of mutton, vegetables, rice and barley.

Bush Tucker – Australian dish totemtimers in Australia and exotic foods: conguration (especially delicious from her work steaks with mushrooms); crocodile meat (in the North of the country it makes pies), the meat of ostrich, as well as Bush tucker – dish local aboriginal people made from all sorts of berries, nuts, leaves, roots, ants and insect larvae.
Drinks in Australia

Alcohol in Australia is 18 years. Consumption of alcohol is prohibited in some public places, but allowed in most parks and beaches.

Alcoholic drink is very popular beer – its use is inextricably linked with the Australian way of life. The most well – known brands-Four XXXX, Fosters, Coopers, VB, Tooheys.

In Australia produce a fairly high quality wine, which is known outside the country. Even in the smallest wine shop will have the choice of at least several dozen different wines.
Australian cuisine
The cost of a bottle of cheap but good wine starts from $ 10.

From alcoholic beverages the most famous Australian dark rum Bundaberg Rum (Bundy).

The People Of Australia

The People Of Australia

Currently in Australia there are almost 20 million people, of whom 72% Anglo-Celtic, 17% -other Europeans and 6% of Asians. About 21% of the current residents of Australia are not natives of this country and another 21% are descendants of immigrants of the second generation, have at least one parent was not born in this country.
The People Of Australia
I believe that during the founding of the first English settlement in 1788 in Australia, there were not less than 250 aboriginal languages.

People. Aboriginal.Currently, the vast majority of the population is mainly European and English origin, and since the late 1970-ies significantly increased the proportion of persons of Asian descent.

Only 2% of the population are descendants of the indigenous inhabitants of Australia, the aborigines related to special Australoid race.

The appearance of Europeans in Australia proved to be detrimental to aboriginal people.

Immigration was an important factor in the formation of Australia’s population after the founding of the first English settlement in 1788.

At the dawn of the colonial period in Australia was exiled prisoners, which the English courts were sentenced to hard labor. However, occasionally in the country did many voluntary immigrants.

Since the late 19th century acted principles of the so-called “white Australia” limiting immigration from Asia. However, the country has been the experience of the mass migration of Chinese in the second half of the 19th century and especially during the gold rush of the 1850-ies.

According to the census of 1947, less than 10% of the population were not born in this country (it was a record low in the history of the settlement of 19-20 centuries). Over 90% of the population was of British origin (i.e., descendants of immigrants from great Britain and Ireland), and most of the rest are easily assimilated into English society (primarily persons of European origin).

Over the next 25 years immigration to Australia has increased dramatically. In this period was dominated by the first immigration of Eastern European refugees in the late 1940’s), then from Northern Europe and finally, especially since the late 1950-ies, from southern Europe (mainly Italy and Greece). In 1969-1970-ies in Australia moved 185 thousand people (a record high).

The Australian government abolished the ethnic, racial and national criteria for the selection of immigrants. In the late 1970’s, Australia has accepted many refugees from Vietnam and other countries of Indochina, and since then the share of immigrants of Asian descent began to grow.

From July 1997 to June 1998 in Australia officially arrived 80,8 thousand persons, including 32% of the natives of Asia, 19% New Zealand 13% of the UK and Ireland, 12% – other countries of Europe, 8% from Africa and 7% Middle East and North Africa.
The People Of Australia
The influence of different cultures is obvious: it manifests itself in the appearance of the streets, the popularity of restaurants serving national cuisine in the spread of football (previously it was considered “immigrant” game), the increase in the share of adherents of the Orthodox, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist faiths and diversity of the press in foreign languages.

Museum of Australian democracy

Museum of Australian democracy

Museum of Australian democracy
Canberra, Canberra (eng.) the capital of Australia, the administrative centre of the Australian capital territory (Australian Capital Territory, ACT”.1. Canberra is the largest city in the continental part and the 8th largest population city center strany.

Canberra is located in the South-East of Australia, near the mountains Brindabella (Brindabella Range), in the rolling plains (580 m) – Ginninderra (Ginninderra), Molonglo (Molonglo), Tukkeranong (Tuggeranong), surrounded by mountains: Majora (Majura) 888 m, Taylor (Taylor) 856 m, einsle (Ainslie) 842 m, Black mountain (Black Mountain) 812 m, Mugga Mugga-(Mugga Mugga) 812 m, Red hill (Red Hill) 720 m3.

Across the plains several rivers and streams. The main river Molonglo (Molonglo) in 1964 was blocked by the dam, resulting in between the city centre and the Parliamentary triangle appeared artificial lake Burley Griffin Lake Burley Griffin), with a total area of 6.64 4 km2. In the North-West of the Australian capital territory, the river Molonglo flows into the Murrumbidgee river (Murrumbidgee). In Malongo empties into the river Queanbeyan (Queanbeyan), Murrumbidgee river, cotter (Cotter). In addition, in both rivers flow streams: Jerrabomberra (Jerrabomberra) and Yarralumla (Yarralumla Creek); and streams Ginninderra (Ginninderra) and Tukkeranong (Tuggeranong), blocked by dams, forming an artificial lake with the same name.
The new building of the Parliament of Australia on Capitol hill was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 9 may 1988. Canberra, March 2007
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The new building of the Parliament of Australia on Capitol hill was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 9 may 1988. Canberra, March 2007
Museum of Australian democracy
Canberra is located in the area of the dry continental climate with hot summers and relatively cold winters. The average annual rainfall is 629 mm (average 108 rainy years in the year). The hottest month is January: maximum temperature from + 27 to + 35°C average daily temperature +13°C. The coldest month of winter – July: maximum temperature -11.2°C, the average daily temperature -0.2°C 5.

The city is located in the Northern part of the Australian capital territory, surrounded on all sides by the territory of New South Wales (New South Wales). 150 km to the East stretches the coast of the Tasman sea, Pacific ocean, 280 km to the North-East is Sydney, and 660 km South-West of Melbourne.
The official entrance to the residence of the Governor General, the representative of the monarch of great Britain in the astral plane. Canberra, October 2009
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The official entrance to the residence of the Governor General, the representative of the monarch of great Britain in the astral plane. Canberra, October 2009

Canberra – specially built for the functions of the capital city, the original plan for which was designed by the American architect Walter Burley Griffin in 19126. The Central part of the city consists of a ring structure, where the main avenues radiate like spokes of a wheel. The area outside the Central part was built without regard to the original plan.

Canberra is divided into 7 districts, each of which is divided into areas with its public and commercial centre: Central Canberra (Canberra Central) – 25 rayonov, Woden valley (Woden has attractive and practical Valley) – 12 districts, Belconnen (Belconnen) 25 districts, Weston Creek (Weston Creek) – 8 districts, Tukkeranong (Tuggeranong) – 18 districts, Gungahlin (Gungahlin) – 18 districts, Molonglo valley (Molonglo Valley) – 13 districts. The areas are usually named after the former Prime Ministers of Australia, famous Australians, the first settlers of Canberra, and is given by words derived from the language of the Australian aborigines.

National Portrait gallery of Australia

National Portrait gallery of Australia

National Portrait gallery of Australia
National Portrait gallery of Australia (National Portrait Gallery) is a large collection of portraits of prominent Australian and international artists, whose work has expanded cultural and historical framework, and whose lives stand out from the crowd and makes them the subject of little public interest.

4 December 2008, the Gallery is constantly in the building on king Edward Terrace, near high court of Australia, in Canberra.

The collection was assembled in may of 1998 through 2008, housed in the Old Parliament Building and in the adjacent Gallery on the Square of the Commonwealth. Gallery on the Square of the Commonwealth focused on the demonstration of portraits, mostly of contemporary artists and also has a specific focus on the exhibition of photographs.

Permanent Gallery building is located in the Parliamentary Triangle, its construction is made of wood and concrete.

In the National Portrait gallery houses the works of European masters of the past years, as well as mostly contemporary Australian painters. Collected here are the largest in the southern hemisphere, the art collection, which includes more than 70 thousand exhibits.

The time range is enormous, from works by European old masters and paintings of the modern representatives of the school of painting of the Australian aborigines.
National Portrait gallery of Australia
Among the exhibited works include portraits as such recognized by old masters as John Webber, Hugh Ramsey, Thomas Clarke, and modern masters: Lionel Lindsay, Frank rotary, John Breck, eve Collins and Ivan Durrant.

The Gallery also hosts regular art exhibitions. By the way, many of the exhibits in these shows belong to private collections and exhibited extremely rare. All galleries, café and shop are located on the same floor of the building.

The national Portrait gallery is located on king Edward Terrace, in the parliamentary zone. Public car Park can be accessed via Parkes Place. Access to Parking is free. To reach the Gallery by bus from anywhere in the capital.

National Botanic Gardens of Australia

National Botanic Gardens of Australia

National Botanic Gardens of Australia
National Botanic Gardens of Australia is located in Canberra and is the property of the Australian government. In the garden is the largest collection of Australian flora, and the mission of the garden lies in its research and dissemination of knowledge.

When he developed the plan for the construction of Canberra in the 1930-ies, the creation of the Botanical garden was recommended by the Advisory Council of the Federal Capital Territory. The garden has been determined on the Black Mountain, and in September 1949 was held a ceremonial planting of the first trees. Then work began on designing a garden, a collection of collections and construction of complex services for visitors. The garden was officially opened in October 1970, Prime Minister John Hortona. Today the administration of the garden owns 90 acres of land at Black Mountain, 40 of which are directly Botanical garden. Plans to use the rest of the land is being developed in anticipation of funding.

The Botanical garden is divided into thematic sections, which according to the taxonomy or natural ecosystems planted more than 5.5 thousand plants. Here you can see a small valley with tropical rain forest, rock Garden plants, occurring in various habitats, from deserts to Alpine meadows of endemic flora sandy areas around Sydney, many eucalypts (about1/5 all kinds of eucalyptus trees growing in Australia), flowering shrubs of banksii, telopea and graveley, Myrtle trees and delicate acacia.
National Botanic Gardens of Australia
Australian national Herbarium is also located on the territory of the Botanical garden. Here is the biggest in the country collection of dried plants. The herbarium is involved in the creation of electronic database of Botanical diversity of Australia – which is about 6 million plants! Incidentally, the Botanical garden maintains several large databases of plants, such as “what is this called? – a list of scientific names ever used for Australian plants. Also available a huge collection of photos.

National gallery of Australia

National gallery of Australia

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Australian artist Tom Roberts was one of the first Australians, lobbying among Australian Prime Ministers for the establishment of national art gallery. In 1910, Prime Minister Andrew Fisher agreed to this proposal, and in 1911 the Australian Parliament established the Historic memorial Council, a bipartisan Committee composed of six political leaders. The Committee has decided that the government must collect portraits of Australian Governor-General, parliamentary leaders and the main “fathers” of the Australian Federation, written by Australian artists. This led to the establishment of the Advisory Council of the Commonwealth on matters of art”. Commonwealth Art Advisory Board, which until 1973 was responsible for the acquisition of various works of art (although this was also engaged in the Parliamentary library Committee, which was acquired for the national collection of different landscapes). Before the opening of the building of the National gallery’s collection was exhibited in the Australian Parliament, diplomatic missions abroad and galleries of other States.
National gallery of Australia
Since 1912 the building of the National gallery was one of the priorities of the Advisory Board of the Commonwealth on matters of art. But because of the great depression and world wars, the solution to this problem was postponed because, according to the government, much more important was the creation of other infrastructure in the nation’s capital, Canberra, including the construction of the Parliament building, the artificial lake Burley Griffin and the National library of Australia. Only in 1965 the Advisory Council was able to convince the Prime Minister Robert Menzies in the need to start construction of the National gallery of Australia[1]. 1 November 1967 Prime Minister Haroldo Hold was officially announced that the government will organize the construction.

The National library of Australia

The National library of Australia

The National library of Australia
In the National library of Australia holds records relating to the history of the country, as well as a collection of rare books on Asia, the Pacific and far abroad. Weekly comers are invited to explore the library “zaculeu”.

The library building, built in the style of a Greek temple, was discovered in 1968 year. Features of Greek architecture of the classical period emphasizes the marble and limestone, which covered columns and walls. The marble of different origin (Greece, Italy, Australia) and the colors used in the interior of the building. In the lobby you can see the stained glass Windows Leonard French and three woven from Australian wool obzansky tapestry. On the mezzanine you can see the layout of the ship captain cook in scale 1:24 and pictures of all Australian Prime Ministers. On the ground floor exhibited treasures of the library collection.

History of the National library of Australia stretches from 1901 year. The library was moved to Canberra from Melbourne in 1927 year. Initially, the national library was part of the parliamentary library, Commonwealth, but in 1960, the year it became an independent institution.
The National library of Australia
Today the library contains more than three and a half million books, some of which was donated by volunteers. Here you can find rare printed editions of medieval manuscripts, Newspapers, music, autographs and manuscripts scientists, politicians and artists, as well as historical and contemporary photography and more than six thousand paintings. The most valuable exhibits – the journal of captain cook (1768-71) and diary of the wills of the expedition under the leadership of Robert Burke (1860-61), which ended with the death of the two travellers.

The National Museum of Australia

The National Museum of Australia

The National Museum of Australia was formally established by the National Museum of Australia Act 1980. The National Museum preserves and interprets Australia’s social history, exploring the key issues, people and events that have shaped the nation.
The National Museum of Australia
It did not have a permanent home until 11 March 2001, when it was officially opened in the national capital Canberra.

The Museum profiles 50,000 years of Indigenous heritage, settlement since 1788 and key events including Federation and the Sydney 2000 Olympics. The Museum holds the world’s largest collection of Aboriginal bark paintings and stone tools, the heart of champion racehorse Phar Lap and the Holden prototype No. 1 car.

The Museum also develops and travels exhibitions on subjects ranging from bushrangers to surf lifesaving. The National Museum of Australia Press publishes a wide range of books, catalogues and journals. The Museum’s Centre for Historical Research takes a cross-disciplinary approach to history, ensuring the museum is a lively forum for ideas and debate about Australia’s past, present and future.

The Museum’s innovative use of new technologies has been central to its growing international reputation in outreach programming, particularly with regional communities. From 2003 to 2008, the Museum hosted Talkback Classroom, a student political forum.
The National Museum of Australia
In 2005 and 2006 the National Museum was named Australia’s best major tourist attraction.