National Botanic Gardens of Australia is located in Canberra and is the property of the Australian government. In the garden is the largest collection of Australian flora, and the mission of the garden lies in its research and dissemination of knowledge.
When he developed the plan for the construction of Canberra in the 1930-ies, the creation of the Botanical garden was recommended by the Advisory Council of the Federal Capital Territory. The garden has been determined on the Black Mountain, and in September 1949 was held a ceremonial planting of the first trees. Then work began on designing a garden, a collection of collections and construction of complex services for visitors. The garden was officially opened in October 1970, Prime Minister John Hortona. Today the administration of the garden owns 90 acres of land at Black Mountain, 40 of which are directly Botanical garden. Plans to use the rest of the land is being developed in anticipation of funding.
The Botanical garden is divided into thematic sections, which according to the taxonomy or natural ecosystems planted more than 5.5 thousand plants. Here you can see a small valley with tropical rain forest, rock Garden plants, occurring in various habitats, from deserts to Alpine meadows of endemic flora sandy areas around Sydney, many eucalypts (about1/5 all kinds of eucalyptus trees growing in Australia), flowering shrubs of banksii, telopea and graveley, Myrtle trees and delicate acacia.
Australian national Herbarium is also located on the territory of the Botanical garden. Here is the biggest in the country collection of dried plants. The herbarium is involved in the creation of electronic database of Botanical diversity of Australia – which is about 6 million plants! Incidentally, the Botanical garden maintains several large databases of plants, such as “what is this called? – a list of scientific names ever used for Australian plants. Also available a huge collection of photos.