The People Of Australia

The People Of Australia

Currently in Australia there are almost 20 million people, of whom 72% Anglo-Celtic, 17% -other Europeans and 6% of Asians. About 21% of the current residents of Australia are not natives of this country and another 21% are descendants of immigrants of the second generation, have at least one parent was not born in this country.
The People Of Australia
I believe that during the founding of the first English settlement in 1788 in Australia, there were not less than 250 aboriginal languages.

People. Aboriginal.Currently, the vast majority of the population is mainly European and English origin, and since the late 1970-ies significantly increased the proportion of persons of Asian descent.

Only 2% of the population are descendants of the indigenous inhabitants of Australia, the aborigines related to special Australoid race.

The appearance of Europeans in Australia proved to be detrimental to aboriginal people.

Immigration was an important factor in the formation of Australia’s population after the founding of the first English settlement in 1788.

At the dawn of the colonial period in Australia was exiled prisoners, which the English courts were sentenced to hard labor. However, occasionally in the country did many voluntary immigrants.

Since the late 19th century acted principles of the so-called “white Australia” limiting immigration from Asia. However, the country has been the experience of the mass migration of Chinese in the second half of the 19th century and especially during the gold rush of the 1850-ies.

According to the census of 1947, less than 10% of the population were not born in this country (it was a record low in the history of the settlement of 19-20 centuries). Over 90% of the population was of British origin (i.e., descendants of immigrants from great Britain and Ireland), and most of the rest are easily assimilated into English society (primarily persons of European origin).

Over the next 25 years immigration to Australia has increased dramatically. In this period was dominated by the first immigration of Eastern European refugees in the late 1940’s), then from Northern Europe and finally, especially since the late 1950-ies, from southern Europe (mainly Italy and Greece). In 1969-1970-ies in Australia moved 185 thousand people (a record high).

The Australian government abolished the ethnic, racial and national criteria for the selection of immigrants. In the late 1970’s, Australia has accepted many refugees from Vietnam and other countries of Indochina, and since then the share of immigrants of Asian descent began to grow.

From July 1997 to June 1998 in Australia officially arrived 80,8 thousand persons, including 32% of the natives of Asia, 19% New Zealand 13% of the UK and Ireland, 12% – other countries of Europe, 8% from Africa and 7% Middle East and North Africa.
The People Of Australia
The influence of different cultures is obvious: it manifests itself in the appearance of the streets, the popularity of restaurants serving national cuisine in the spread of football (previously it was considered “immigrant” game), the increase in the share of adherents of the Orthodox, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist faiths and diversity of the press in foreign languages.

National Portrait gallery of Australia

National Portrait gallery of Australia

National Portrait gallery of Australia
National Portrait gallery of Australia (National Portrait Gallery) is a large collection of portraits of prominent Australian and international artists, whose work has expanded cultural and historical framework, and whose lives stand out from the crowd and makes them the subject of little public interest.

4 December 2008, the Gallery is constantly in the building on king Edward Terrace, near high court of Australia, in Canberra.

The collection was assembled in may of 1998 through 2008, housed in the Old Parliament Building and in the adjacent Gallery on the Square of the Commonwealth. Gallery on the Square of the Commonwealth focused on the demonstration of portraits, mostly of contemporary artists and also has a specific focus on the exhibition of photographs.

Permanent Gallery building is located in the Parliamentary Triangle, its construction is made of wood and concrete.

In the National Portrait gallery houses the works of European masters of the past years, as well as mostly contemporary Australian painters. Collected here are the largest in the southern hemisphere, the art collection, which includes more than 70 thousand exhibits.

The time range is enormous, from works by European old masters and paintings of the modern representatives of the school of painting of the Australian aborigines.
National Portrait gallery of Australia
Among the exhibited works include portraits as such recognized by old masters as John Webber, Hugh Ramsey, Thomas Clarke, and modern masters: Lionel Lindsay, Frank rotary, John Breck, eve Collins and Ivan Durrant.

The Gallery also hosts regular art exhibitions. By the way, many of the exhibits in these shows belong to private collections and exhibited extremely rare. All galleries, café and shop are located on the same floor of the building.

The national Portrait gallery is located on king Edward Terrace, in the parliamentary zone. Public car Park can be accessed via Parkes Place. Access to Parking is free. To reach the Gallery by bus from anywhere in the capital.

National Botanic Gardens of Australia

National Botanic Gardens of Australia

National Botanic Gardens of Australia
National Botanic Gardens of Australia is located in Canberra and is the property of the Australian government. In the garden is the largest collection of Australian flora, and the mission of the garden lies in its research and dissemination of knowledge.

When he developed the plan for the construction of Canberra in the 1930-ies, the creation of the Botanical garden was recommended by the Advisory Council of the Federal Capital Territory. The garden has been determined on the Black Mountain, and in September 1949 was held a ceremonial planting of the first trees. Then work began on designing a garden, a collection of collections and construction of complex services for visitors. The garden was officially opened in October 1970, Prime Minister John Hortona. Today the administration of the garden owns 90 acres of land at Black Mountain, 40 of which are directly Botanical garden. Plans to use the rest of the land is being developed in anticipation of funding.

The Botanical garden is divided into thematic sections, which according to the taxonomy or natural ecosystems planted more than 5.5 thousand plants. Here you can see a small valley with tropical rain forest, rock Garden plants, occurring in various habitats, from deserts to Alpine meadows of endemic flora sandy areas around Sydney, many eucalypts (about1/5 all kinds of eucalyptus trees growing in Australia), flowering shrubs of banksii, telopea and graveley, Myrtle trees and delicate acacia.
National Botanic Gardens of Australia
Australian national Herbarium is also located on the territory of the Botanical garden. Here is the biggest in the country collection of dried plants. The herbarium is involved in the creation of electronic database of Botanical diversity of Australia – which is about 6 million plants! Incidentally, the Botanical garden maintains several large databases of plants, such as “what is this called? – a list of scientific names ever used for Australian plants. Also available a huge collection of photos.